1. Mandatory Disciplines
Area of Concentration: Environmental Sciences Teaching
Environment, Society and Education (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: Reflections on the theme and the relationship between society and nature. Recent transformations in the world order: interface of environmental modifications and their impacts. Patterns of consumption and production and their influence on socio-environmental and territorial dynamics. Purposes and objectives of scientific education in basic education, as a way to promote scientific literacy in a perspective of education for sustainable development. Strategic dimensions of education and its relations with the pillars of sustainable development.
Environmental Management (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: Conceptual bases for the formulation of public policies focused on sustainable development. State and society in the decision process for formulation and implementation of public policies: environment; sanitation; water resources; conservation, energy matrix, climate change, health; education; transport; housing. Instruments and mechanisms for environmental management. Environmental Education and Citizenship. Environmental Advice in the formulation of public policies and environmental management. Environmental legislation and its influence on the management process. The Local, Regional and National Agenda 21 as a process and policy for sustainable development. National System of Environment. Structuring the State in institutional, legal, technical and operational terms. Production sector and the environmental issue: management models and quality criteria.
Interdisciplinarity in Environmental Sciences (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: Theoretical, philosophical and methodological bases of interdisciplinarity. Interdisciplinary approaches in the complexity of the contemporary world. Theory of complexity in connection with the production of knowledge. Interdisciplinary practice in basic education, its everyday assumptions and challenges in school.
Scientific Methodology and Development of Projects in Education in Environmental Sciences (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: Understanding of the bases of the scientific methodology in the development of applied projects (products) of the professional masters. Knowledge, science and myth. Epistemology and criticism of science. Conceptions of environmental sciences. Science and values. Development of the scientific method: observation, experimentation and formulation of models and method. Instruments and techniques of scientific research in Basic Education in non-formal and out-of-school settings.
Research Seminar (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: Seminars on the respective research projects with a view to accompanying the integration of actions and advances considering the following aspects: data collection techniques; procedures for analyzing the data collected; elaboration of the dissertation. Socialization of the projects in a scientific event in order to strengthen the interdisciplinary debate in the environmental sciences. These seminars will be spaces of collective debate to be created to carry out the debate of current topics of interest of the lines of research. Thus, the subject will be developed on two strands. The first will be held through lectures and regional events, with the support and participation of universities participating in the Network. The second will be developed from theoretical-methodological discussions that offer an intellectual basis for the construction of the final product of the course. They will be carried out in an integrating format of the groups of the different associated institutions, possibly regional when appropriate.
2. Elective Disciplines
Water Supply and Sanitary Sewage (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: Importance of water supply and sewage systems. Quality of water and sanitary waste. Environmental and public health impacts resulting from the disposal of liquid sanitary waste. Potability. Components of water supply and sewage systems.
Specially Protected Natural Areas (3 credits, 45 hours)
Syllabus: Conceptualization of specially protected areas; Areas specially protected as an instrument of the National Environmental Policy; Modalities of specially protected areas in Brazil: conservation units (PAs), permanent preservation areas (APPs) and legal reserves (RLs); Brief history and current panorama of PAs in the world and in Brazil; Legislation pertinent to PAs; Categories of PAs: integral protection and sustainable use; Criteria for choosing areas for establishing PAs; Aspects of management of PAs: land regularization, management plans, zoning, participatory management, public use, overlap with indigenous lands, economic sustainability; Forest Code and its amendments; Location of APPs; Functions of APPs; Discussions on possibilities of using PPPs for low impact activities, public utility and social interest; Functions of legal reserves; Percentages established for RLs; Possibilities of using RLs; Criteria for locating RLs; Aspects of management of RLs. Teaching Practices in out-of-school setting: the importance of Legally Protected Territorial Spaces and their relation with the lived space.
Conservation Biology (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: The effects of human activity on the diversity of species and habitats, and the mechanisms currently used to minimize such effects and protect biological diversity, will be addressed in a multidisciplinary way.
Dynamics and Environmental Assessment (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: Historical process of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in Brazil, in the State of São Paulo and in other countries. Institutional and legal aspects of the EIA. The principles of the instruments of Environmental Policy. Environmental Impact Assessment as an instrument for analyzing the feasibility of Environmental Impact. Strategic Environmental Assessment for Policies, Plans and Programs and Prior Study of Environmental Impact for Projects. The instruments of Environmental Policy and the interface with EIA. Ecological-Economic Zoning and EIA. Stages of the Environmental Impact Assessment and the criteria for the establishment of the Environmental Impact Assessment Methodology. The methodologies of environmental impact assessment. Terms of reference for conducting the EIA. The choice of technological alternatives and location and the participation of society in the decision process. The concept and application of mitigation actions, environmental programs and monitoring in the EIA. Case studies. Didactic-pedagogical aspects and praxis in the classroom: teaching / learning of environmental impacts in basic education, in non-formal and out-of-school settings.
Ecology and Conservation of Wildlife (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: Habitat, niches and ecological relations. Dynamics of animal populations. Dynamics of predation, competition, coevolution. Study of Communities. Biodiversity. Biogeography. Defaunation, Extinction and Conservation. Natural selection and adaptation. Historical factors and current patterns. The components of life history: size, rates of growth, reproduction and aging. Behavioral strategies of cooperation and conflict. Escape strategies in time and space: dormancy and migration.
Energy and Environment (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: Current panorama of energy policy: recent programs and projects in Brazil. Institutional Aspects: Restructuring of the Brazilian electric energy sector. Energy balance. Energy matrix. Clean energies. Integrated planning of hydropower resources, multiple uses of water. Wind energy. Energy and environment in basic education: application of didactic-methodological knowledge to promote meaningful learning.
Ethics and Environment (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus:The concepts and approaches of environmental ethics. Environmental ethics in the philosophical rationalities of Western culture. Environmental ethics in traditional cultures. Environmental ethics and biodiversity. Ethics and contemporary cultural dynamics. The experiences of building ethical-environmental values in the processes of training of multiplier agents in local communities. Cross - cutting themes Environment and Ethics in the context of basic education.
Solid Waste Management (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: The river basin as a planning unit: consortia and committees. Solid waste: concepts, definitions. Forms and types of waste. Hazardous waste. Generation of solid waste - environmental impacts. Characterization of household waste, health services and industrial waste. Legal aspects related to solid waste. Microbiological, epidemiological and Public Health aspects. Pollution prevention, reduction, reuse and recycling. Urban solid waste. Industrial and hazardous solid wastes. Integrated waste management and management. Selective Collection and Environmental Education: practical experience and its importance in the school context. Field class as support in the teaching of solid waste. Contribution to the development of didactic materials as a tool to understand the socio-environmental relationship from the Solid Waste theme.
Natural Resource Management (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: Characterization and understanding of the physical and biotic environment and the multiple uses of natural resources. The State Reform in Brazil and the new model of public environmental management: challenges and perspectives. Benign environmental systems and technologies and associated processes. Teaching of Natural Resources in basic education based on fieldwork and its didactic-pedagogical uses.
Housing and Environment (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: Urbanization in Brazil. Process of Housing Production. Productive processes. Concepts of: Housing, Housing and House. City as Urban Environment. Urban and Housing Policy. Urban project and housing project and social participation in public management, social control and the production of living environments. The research as a didactic-pedagogical tool and the relation teaching / learning.
Indicators for Sustainable Development Assessment (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: The construction of bases for sustainable development and the need for strategic information - difficulties and limits; historical and conceptual frameworks in the use of indicators and information systems for sustainable development; environmental information as an environmental management tool - monitoring, availability and access to information, active institutions. Models for the construction and application of indicators of sustainable development in the governmental, business and civil society sectors; development and use of sustainable development indicators - case studies. The use of socio-environmental indicators as a contribution to research in basic education, in non-formal and out-of-school settings.
Introduction to Green Chemistry (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: Principles of Green Chemistry. Waste (production, problems and prevention). Control and evaluation of the performance of a process. Catalysis in Green Chemistry. Renewable resources. Alternative energy technology and sources. Projection of green processes. Case studies. Future of Green Chemistry.
Climate Change and the Environment (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: Basic aspects of Climatology and Meteorology. Composition and Vertical Structure of the Atmosphere. Meteorological and environmental stations. Meteorological phenomena. Climate Change: importance, scientific aspects, natural and anthropogenic forces. Risk management for natural disasters and impacts on the environment.
Nature, Culture and Territorialities (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: Nature, space, culture; diversity, conflict and cultural relativism; ethnocentrism; otherness. Territoriality as a constituent element of cultures, natures and identities. Social interactions, cultural representations and nature. Territorialities and Traditional Cultures. The theory-practice relationship in basic education: didactic-methodological strategies in the study of nature, culture and local territorialities.
Project Planning in Environmental Education (3 credits, 45 hours)
Syllabus: Conceptual bases of the project planning act with emphasis on Environmental Education; project planning for research and teaching in Environmental Education; from the research object to the design, approaches in research problematics, motivation, justification, objectives, research questions, assumptions, goals and expected results, references; examples of research projects; construction of projects in basic education, non-formal and out-of-school settings.
Environmental Chemistry (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: The Earth as a system. Biogeochemical cycles in the ecosphere. Environmental water chemistry: uses and specifications. Weathering. Types of contamination - natural, industrial, agricultural. Chemical analysis of water samples, most used parameters and their meanings, selection of analytical methods. Interaction with other phases. Influence of dissolved organic matter. Chemical treatment of water. Air: atmospheric layers and their properties. Urban atmosphere - primary pollution and secondary pollution. Effects of air pollution on quality of life. Chemical quality of air. Pollutant removal processes. Atmospheric dispersion of pollutants. Soil: structure, main types and their characteristics. Soil chemical quality. Uses and economic importance of the soil. Sources of contamination. Control strategies. Global changes - ecosystem response to disturbances. Agriculture: chemical evaluation of the addition of fertilizers and pesticides to the soil. Natural resources, energy and the environment: sustainable development.
Water Resources (3 credit units, 45 credit hours)
Syllabus: Water resources in the relationship society nature. Situation of water resources in Brazil and in the world. Hydrological cycle. The concept of river basin. The main Brazilian river basins. Multiple uses and conflict over water use. Main activities polluting water. Conservation of water and soil. Water and forest. Critical events: floods and droughts. National Policy on Water Resources in the context of sustainable development. State, society and social mobilization for the management of water resources. Teaching and learning methodologies focusing on the mobilization and participation of young people. Approach to water resources management in basic education. Education for the management of natural resources: experiences, limits, challenges and potentialities in basic education. Research in the teaching of water resources and the application of didactic-pedagogical tools in basic education, in the EJA, in non-formal and out-of-school settings.
Urban Public Transport and Environment (3 credits, 45 hours)
Syllabus: Introduction. History of urban transport and the evolution of cities. Modes of urban transport. Collective transport x individual transport. Quality in urban public transportation. Efficiency in urban public transportation. Integration in urban public transportation. Surveys and surveys. Information to users. Planning and management. Public transport and urbanism.